PMI

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Identification
Alternative names: 
Plus / Minus / Interesting
Level of process: 
Application
Method category: 
Intent or purpose: 
Decision Making / Problem Solving, weighing the pros and cons of a decision.
Types of Participants: 
Participants should be related to the implied decision, or affected by it.
Recommended size of group: 
26-50
Howto
Usual or Expected Outcomes: 
The pros and cons of a decisions have been outweighed and considered satisfactorily. Now, a decision can be made based on the result of the workshop.
Level of participation: 
High
Ideal Conditions: 
If this method is used in a group, it is important that participants come to an agreement about the attributed score of the different items.
Potential Pitfalls: 
If participants do not reach an agreement, the process might be hindered. The facilitator needs to ensure that all participants get to share their perception satisfactorily.
Type of Facilitator-Client Relationship: 
The facilitator accompanies the group through the process and intervenes if necessary. Intervention might be required, as people will have different opinions about the implications of a decision.
Level of Difficulty to Facilitate: 
Facilitation skills required
Setting and Materials: 
A large sheet of paper and a pen are required.
Procedures: 

<p>1.Draw three columns on a piece of paper and label these Plus, Minus and Interesting. Now, either individually, or in a group, note down all positive aspects in the Plus-column and all the negative aspects in the Minus-column. The Interesting-column is used for writing down the implications and possible outcomes of taking the action, which might be positive, negative or uncertain.</p>
<p>2. Once the columns are filled and it is still not clear if the decision will be taken or not, all items in the columns will be attributed with either positive or negative numbers. The numbers are determined by what the group agrees on or by how the individual perceives the different items.</p>
<p>3. In the end, the score is added up. If the score is strongly positive, action can be taken, and if it is strongly negative, the action should be avoided.</p>

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