Adding Participation to Conference Speechmaking

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Identification
Level of process: 
Method
Method category: 
Intent or purpose: 
To build liveliness and audience participation into a conference format filled with speeches and panels.
Types of Participants: 
anyone
Optimal amount of time needed: 
15-20 minutes for each reflection
Howto
Usual or Expected Outcomes: 
intensified interest in conference topic; deeper thinking on topic
Level of participation: 
high
Ideal Conditions: 
round tables, but not necessary
Potential Pitfalls: 
speakers resent time taken away from their speech
How is success evaluated: 
participant feedback and level of participation during reflection periods
Examples of successes and failures: 
Used at Malaysia Women's Conference with about 500 participants, 2003
Type of Facilitator-Client Relationship: 
Requires briefing of speakers in advance to gain their support.
Level of Difficulty to Facilitate: 
Facilitation skills required
Setting and Materials: 
May have questions printed on papers at each seat; or put up on power point
Resources Needed: 
microphone
Pre-Work Required: 
working through questions suitable for subject and audience; briefing of speakers
Procedures: 

After each speech, audience is invited to talk in groups of 4-5 persons where they are seated to reflect on 1) key points that struck or interested them; 2)questions they'd like to ask; 3)other points or perspectives they'd like to add; 4)implications for their work/life; questions may be written and collected for later consideration by speaker. If group is no larger than about 50 persons, MC may ask for some reflections from various discussion groups.

How flexible is the process?: 
very; in one conference, the panelists were invited to come to the table discussion groups and enter into that table's discussion.
Follow-Up Required: 
Comments may be recorded and documented.
Background
Developer: 
Ann Epps, LENS International Malaysia Sdn Bhd
Derived from: 
Technology of Participation, Focused Discussion Method
References: 
see book: The Art of Focused Conversation
License Model: 
Open
Suppliers
Creators: 
Namesort descending City Country
Earle Company Baton Rouge United States
Performance Resources International Ltd. Wellington New Zealand
Trainers: 
Namesort descending City Country
Earle Company Baton Rouge United States
LENS International Malaysia Sdn Bhd Petaling Jaya Malaysia
Consultants: 
Namesort descending City Country
Earle Company Baton Rouge United States
Performance Resources International Ltd. Wellington New Zealand
The Monarch Park Group Toronto Canada
Supporters: